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Introduction to field track: Parking

This session was taught by Nitin Pai and examined the concept of paid parking, its impact on infrastructure, economics and politics, and how an administrator should strategise  on implementing it across the city. The class discussed the reasons why parking is conventionally considered to be free. These included the fact that citizens pay a road tax and hence assume they can gain free parking; consider parking a public good; consider free parking a right; to avoid the parking ‘mafia’; assume that parking space is historically free; assume that it increases business and economic activity among other reasons.

The main points of discussion were:

  • “Paid parking” is charging money for a space of land that is utilised by the vehicle owner. Subsidising it, or not charging for that space does not ensure benefits to the needy. The need of parking is only for people who have vehicles. Vehicle owners, do not come under the traditional needy category. Therefore, paid parking is an anti people policy because it subsidises people who do not need the free parking. “Free parking is a transfer of value from a public asset to a private individual who is not the needy.” People will want free parking, but that does not mean that they need it and it should be given free.
  • If parking is free, everyone will use it and nobody will maintain or care about the space. The tragedy of the commons will prevail.
  • There is economic value in paid parking. All cities across the world have multi-story car parks that are paid and this is considered a business. The supply of parking space can go up because you are creating an incentive for people to create parking space and charge money for it. Paid parking will ensure revenue to the government/land owner as well.
  • In some cases paid parking can ensure that parking space will increase if priced properly. This is because people will be interested in giving their land for parking purposes.
  • Two points to keep in mind with paid parking is the ‘concept’ and the ‘execution’ of paid parking. There is a need to understand what  the concept of paid parking is and then look at ways to execute it effectively.
  • Paid parking is considered to be unpopular among people. To change it, there is a need to look at different strategies. Eg. Employing consultants who make the decision, and act as the stepping-stones to implement an unpopular idea. Another way is to invest in infrastructure—pavements, roads, public transport etc. Reduce the scarcity of paid parking spots in the city.
  • Implementing paid parking will be a challenge, as citizens will oppose  it. For any administrator, it is hard decision to take away a freely provided service to the people, and initiate the a new system charging for that service. It will have political ramifications. The challenge then is, how does an administrator sell this idea to people, starting from one ward and convincing the whole of Bangalore? How do you move the people from the concept of free parking to paid parking?

For this the best method is to do a stakeholder analysis, asking the following questions: One, Who are the stakeholders? Two, What are their interests?  Three, What are their incentives? How will one change their behaviour?

There are multiple stakeholders when it comes to parking in the city. These include vehicle owners, business establishments, tourists, homeowners, land owners, pedestrians, cyclists, autos and taxis, local buses, traffic police, municipal bodies such as the BBMP, roadside vendors, parking contractors, homeless people, educational institutions, home owners among others. Some stakeholders want free parking while some do not.  As an administrator, one needs to analyse each of these stakeholders and their needs. After an assessment, one needs to discuss and contend over the pragmatic ways to implement paid parking across the city.


Road management fieldtrack: Presentations

Following the field trips to the CNR Circle underpass and the Yeshwantpur TTMC, the B.CLIP class was divided into groups and asked to make presentations on how to improve road management in Bangalore.

From the presentations, multiple ideas emerged. The class discussed the factors that caused the degradation of the roads that included poor quality of construction, wear and tear,  and natural causes (extreme weather conditions, trees etc.) among others. It also discussed solutions in the form of human intervention (these can be legal or illegal interventions by individuals, agencies, private service providers, government agencies etc.). The concept of stakeholder analysis was also explained- who are the main stake holders with respect to a road? What are their interests and incentives in maintaining the quality of the roads?


(B.CLIP students making the presentation)

The class also discussed the kinds of interventions needed for road management. These included looking at information, coordination, monitoring and reputation.

Information: Information of various kinds exists with respect to roads in a city.  There is prior information that should address all questions related to the roads– what is over the surface and under the surface of the roads—walls, electricity wires, pipes, fences etc. There is information on the “calendar of works” for roads in a ward made available publicly. Information about the money involved-  what are the allocations for the road development? What is the spending? What are the finances of different stakeholders? And information disseminated via media– advertising road development plans in the newspaper.


(B.CLIP students making the presentation.)

Coordination- There is a need for coordination committees for effective road management. The chairman of the committee should be the ward Corporator.  Important stakeholders should be on this committee- RWA members, press members, different stake holders etc. The committee should be headed by a person in authority to make important decisions related to the ward. He should be the person motivated to do the work in the ward.

Monitoring- There should also be a well developed monitoring mechanism that is a sustainable and is an ongoing process. One needs to find people with vested interests, committed to monitoring the roads, who will use information systems.

Reputation- It is important to set the pre-qualification of contractors. Also, create and use the system of merits, stars and grades to help build a reputation for the stakeholder to perform his or her job to the best of their ability.


Practicing electoral politics in Bangalore city

Members of B.CLIP Advisory Board held a panel discussion on January 4. The session was moderated by Mr Jairaj and the speakers were Mr PGR Sindhia, Dr Rajeev Gowda, Mr Ashwin Mahesh, Mr RK Mishra, Mr Narayan Ramachandran along with B.PAC principals Ms Kiran Mazumdar Shaw and Mr Mohandas Pai. The discussion delved into india’s contemporary political reality and aimed to answer questions about venturing into politics and of working in it.

Mr PGR Sindhia compared the the JP movement of the past to the contemporary economic and political situation and employment. He elaborated on the fact that all of the above were fundamentally dependent on people’s anger and eventually that was what democracy depended on. He talked about how the anger and passion of the citizens would ensure that our democratic systems stay in place. On the question of how to win an election, Mr Sindhia said that we need to remember that 90 percent of the voters don’t vote for money but for issues. People often vote on the basis of sentiment or the latest issues or if they believe in the candidate.

Dr Rajeev Gowda spoke about how issues pertaining to the citizens have a macroeconomic effect, however,  at the micro level, it is all about the individual and the candidate. To connect with the electorate, it is important to get known, engage with the public and gain face. The crux of the matter is on building individual credibility. Another way is to bring expertise into the party. He also talked about the importance of tackling issues hands on and not just being a speaker.

Mr Ashwin Mahesh spoke about how to ensure one’s campaign is effective. He spoke about the different political phases in India.  He spoke about how in contemporary India there seemed to be no distinction between the government and the sarkar.  He talked about how people have  started to demand for direct participation in the democracy.

Mr Mahesh also emphasised on the multiple levels of the government that do not often communicate with one another. He mentioned that one of the reasons for state vulnerability was the fact that india was a diverse country with a growing population. He spoke about the demand for a large number of people who could solve problems within the city.  By catering to these factors, Mr Mahesh said that it would be easier to formulate one’s political campaign—to identify an issue and get the right people involved. He also spoke about how people have common concerns across the country—opportunity for children, employment for young adults, retirement pland and services for the aged and savings.  He concluded by saying that for an effective campaign,  it was important for a politician to address issues that are personal to the people and those that they can connect to.

Mr RK Mishra spoke about his own experiences and transition from a corporate career into a political one. He spoke about his own realisations about the difficulties of being involved in a political life. He also emphasised on the importance of financial stability and passion, to sustain oneself in the political arena. Mr Mishra also spoke about how it was the time for the political parties to realise that they needed to change and give space to new and fresh people and ideas. Mr Mishra also talked about how there is a demand in India for young, adept people to foray into politics.


Mukul Asher on the BBMP Budget

Professor Mukul Asher, Councillor at the Takshashila Institution visited Bangalore in December to teach B.CLIP students about public finance and municipal budgeting. He also analysed the Bangalore (BBMP) municipal budget for the class. Here he is interviewed by Subir Ghosh of DNA on the same:

One reason why the BBMP is under the public glare is that the Palike is sinking under the huge debt that piled up arguably because of its faulty way of accounting. According to the budget estimates of 2012-13, the BBMP was under a debt burden of Rs 5,325 crore.

According to Asher, though the BBMP budgets are classified by departments, line items aggregating to thousands of crores simply state “development works” or “Assembly  constituency works” without mentioning the precise objective or category of work. This  probably where the problem lies. On one hand the BBMP is biting more than what it can chew, and on the other the Palike is opaque about its own expenditure. The way out, Asher asserts, is for individual budgetary allocations aggregating to at least 90 per cent of total expenditure (excluding loan-related payments and overheads such as salaries, etc.), to clearly mention the purpose of the works in terms of either a category or one of the functions of the BBMP (such as solid waste management, storm water drainage, etc).

Read the entire article: Bangalore: BBMP? We should call it ‘BB empty’ instead, Jan 6, 2014.

Photo credit: DNA

With a flyover right in front of the TTMC, and a slum to its left, it proved to be difficult for buses to move from one side of the TTMC to another.

Field Trip Part 2: Yeshwantpur TTMC

On January 5, after visiting the CNR Rao circle underpass, students were taken to the Yeshwanthpur TTMC (Transport and Traffic Management Centre), an example of a successful JNNURM project by the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation.

Constructed on a institutional plot of land with an aim to maximise public utility, this is one of 8 TTMCs proposed in the city. A total sum of Rs. 256 crores was invested in the 8 projects and today, they are generating revenue of Rs. 42 crores per annum.

This TTMC has a multi-level car parking, 4-level commercial property, and a 2-level bus stop. Prioritising customer satisfaction and efficiency, it allows for easy bus maintenance, and houses passenger facilities, a bus terminus, public parking and commercial space.

On the 5th of January, 2014, B.CLIP students went on a site visit to the CNR Rao circle underpass near IISc. Mr. B N Vishwanath, an independent auditor at the JNNURM, walked the students through how an infrastructure project is conceptualized, and why they often fail or get delayed.

Field Trip Part 1: CNR Rao Circle Underpass

On January 5, B.CLIP students went on a site visit to the CNR Rao underpass near IISc. Mr. B N Vishwanath, an independent auditor at the JNNURM, walked the students through how infrastructure projects are conceptualised, and why they often fail or get delayed.

This project sits on an arterial path in Bangalore, and it was planned with the aim to ease vehicular congestion and facilitate easy movement of traffic between Mekhri circle, Malleshwaram and Yeshwantpur. The underpass leads on one side to National Highway 4 which links 20 districts of Karnataka.

This is a project taken up under the national Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) scheme and was sanctioned as a turnkey project in early 2008 at the cost of about 30 crores. Stipulated to be completed in 10 months, it is now fast approaching 60 months since project start. With many months and years of inactivity, there is breakneck progress in the work over the past three months and the underpass is set for full use in the next few weeks.

#4 ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕ ರ್ಸ್ತು – ಖಾಸ್ಗಿ ರ್ಸ್ತು

ಜನಪ್ರತಿನಿಧಿಯಾಗುವವನಿಗೆ ಇರಬೇಕಾದ ಮೊದಲ ತಿಳುವಳಿಕೆ ಜನರಿಗೆ ಬೇಕಾದ ಯಾವ ವಸ್ತು ಯಾವ ಸ್ವರೂಪದ್ದು ಮತ್ತು ಅದನ್ನು ಯಾರು ಕಲ್ಪಿಸಬೇಕು ಅನ್ನುವುದು. ಕಾಸರಿಮೆ(ಎಕನಾಮಿಕ್ಸ್) ಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕ ವಸ್ತು ಮತ್ತು ಖಾಸಗಿ ವಸ್ತು (Public Good and Private Good) ಅನ್ನುವ ಎರಡು ವಿಷಯಗಳಿವೆ. ಅವುಗಳನ್ನು ಅರ್ಥ ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದು ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕರಿಗೆ ಬೇಕಾದ ಸೇವೆ, ಉತ್ಪನ್ನಗಳನ್ನು ಕಲ್ಪಿಸುವಾಗ ಅದನ್ನು ಯಾರು ಮಾಡಬೇಕು ಅನ್ನುವ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಸರಿಯಾದ ತಿಳುವಳಿಕೆ ನೀಡುತ್ತೆ.

ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕ ವಸ್ತು (ಪಬ್ಲಿಕ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್): ಯಾವ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಬಳಸುವುದರಿಂದ ಯಾರನ್ನು ಹೊರತುಪಡಿಸಲಾಗದ ಮತ್ತು ಒಬ್ಬರ ಬಳಕೆಯಿಂದ ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಕೊರತೆಯಾಗದ ಯಾವುದೇ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕ ವಸ್ತುವೆಂದು ಕರೆಯಬಹುದು. ಉದಾಹರಣೆಗೆ: ಶುದ್ದ ಗಾಳಿ, ಜ್ಞಾನ, ದೇಶದ ರಕ್ಷಣಾ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆ, ಬೀದಿ ದೀಪ ಮುಂತಾದವು. ಈ ಯಾವುದೇ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಬಳಸುವುದರಿಂದ ಯಾರನ್ನು ಹೊರತು ಪಡಿಸಲಾಗದು ಮತ್ತು ಈ ವಸ್ತುಗಳನ್ನು ಒಬ್ಬರು ಬಳಸಿದಾಗ ಅದು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಸಿಗದ ಸ್ಥಿತಿಯೂ ಇಲ್ಲ.

ಖಾಸಗಿ ವಸ್ತು (ಪ್ರೈವೇಟ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್): ಯಾವ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಬಳಸುವುದರಿಂದ ಯಾರನ್ನಾದರೂ ಹೊರತು ಪಡಿಸಬಹುದೋ ಮತ್ತು ಯಾವ ವಸ್ತುವಿಗೆ ಪೈಪೋಟಿ ಇದ್ದು ಒಬ್ಬರು ಬಳಸಿದಾಗ ಅದು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ದೊರಕುವುದಿಲ್ಲವೋ ಅಂತಹ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಖಾಸಗಿ ವಸ್ತುವೆಂದು ಕರೆಯಬಹುದು. ಉದಾಹರಣೆಗೆ: ಒಬ್ಬ ವ್ಯಕ್ತಿ ಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ಕಾರ್ ಇಲ್ಲವೇ ಸೈಟು. ಈ ಕಾರ್ ಇಲ್ಲವೇ ಸೈಟ್ ಅನ್ನು ಕೊಂಡವರು ಮಾತ್ರವೇ ಬಳಸಬಹುದು, ಇತರರು ಬಳಸದಂತೆ ಅದರ ಮಾಲಿಕ ತಡೆಯಬಹುದು. ಹಾಗೆಯೇ ಈ ಕಾರ್ ಇಲ್ಲವೇ ಸೈಟ್ ಅನ್ನು ಒಬ್ಬರು ಕೊಂಡಾಗ ಅದು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ದೊರಕದು.

ಅರೆಖಾಸಗಿ (ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್): ಇನ್ನು ಕೆಲವು ವಸ್ತುಗಳನ್ನು ಬಳಸದಂತೆ ಯಾರನ್ನಾದರೂ ಆಚೆಗಿಡಬಹುದು ಆದ್ರೆ ಒಬ್ಬರು ಬಳಸಿದ್ರೆ ಅದರಿಂದ ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರ ಬಳಕೆಗೆ ತೊಂದರೆಯೇನು ಆಗಲ್ಲ. ಅಂತಹ ವಸ್ತುಗಳನ್ನು ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಗೂಡ್ ಇಲ್ಲವೇ ಅರೆಖಾಸಗಿ ವಸ್ತುವೆನ್ನಬಹುದು. ಉದಾಹರಣೆಗೆ: ಸಿನೆಮಾ ಹಾಲ್, ಖಾಸಗಿ ಪಾರ್ಕ್. ಇವುಗಳನ್ನು ಬಳಸುವ ವಿಷಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾರನ್ನಾದರೂ ಆಚೆಗಿಡಬಹುದು (ಉದಾ:ಫೀಸ್ ಕೊಟ್ಟವನಿಗೆ ಮಾತ್ರ ಪ್ರವೇಶ ಅಂತ ಮಾಡಬಹುದು.) ಆದರೆ ಒಬ್ಬರು ಪಾರ್ಕ್ ಬಳಸಿದರೆ ಅದರಿಂದ ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಬಳಸಲಾಗದು ಅನ್ನುವಂತೇನಿಲ್ಲ.

ಎಲ್ಲರ ವಸ್ತು (ಕಾಮನ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್): ಇನ್ನು ಕೆಲವು ವಸ್ತುಗಳನ್ನು ಬಳಸದಂತೆ ಯಾರನ್ನು ತಡೆಯಲಾಗದು, ಆದ್ರೆ ಅದನ್ನು ಪಡೆಯಲು ಪೈಪೋಟಿ ಇರುತ್ತೆ ಒಬ್ಬರು ಬಳಸುವುದರಿಂದ ಅದು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ದೊರಕುವುದಿಲ್ಲ. ಅಂತಹ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಕಾಮನ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಉದಾಹರಣೆಗೆ: ಊರ ಹೊರಗಿನ ಹುಲ್ಲಿನ ಬಯಲು. ಇದನ್ನು ಬಳಸಲು ಯಾರಿಗೂ ತಡೆಯಿಲ್ಲ, ಆದರೆ ಅಲ್ಲಿ  ಹತ್ತು ಮೀಟರ್ ಉದ್ದದ ಹುಲ್ಲುಗಾವಲು ಇದ್ದರೆ ಅದರಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾರೋ ಒಬ್ಬರು ಒಂದು ಮೀಟರ್ ಹುಲ್ಲು ತಮ್ಮ ದನಕ್ಕೆ ತಿನ್ನಿಸಿದರೆ ಆ ಒಂದು ಮೀಟರ್ ಹುಲ್ಲುಗಾವಲು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ದೊರಕದು. ಇನ್ನೊಂದು ಉದಾಹರಣೆ: ಕೆರೆಯಲ್ಲಿನ ಮೀನು. ಬಳಸಲು ಯಾರಿಗೂ ತಡೆಯಿಲ್ಲ, ಆದರೆ ಒಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಹತ್ತು ಮೀನು ಸಿಕ್ಕರೆ, ಅದೇ ಹತ್ತು ಮೀನು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಸಿಗದು. ಅಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಆ ಹತ್ತು ಮೀನಿಗಾಗಿ ಪೈಪೋಟಿ ಇದೆ ಅನ್ನಬಹುದು.

ಈ ನಾಲ್ಕರ ತಿಳುವಳಿಕೆ ಜನಪ್ರತಿನಿಧಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಯಾಕಿರಬೇಕು? ಅನ್ನುವ ಪ್ರಶ್ನೆಗೆ ಉತ್ತರ ಜನರಿಗೆ ಬೇಕಿರುವ ಯಾವುದೇ ವಸ್ತುವನ್ನು ಈ ನಾಲ್ಕರಲ್ಲಿ ವಿಂಗಡಿಸಬಹುದು. ಇದರಲ್ಲಿ ಖಾಸಗಿ ವಸ್ತುಗಳಾದ ಕಾರು, ಟಿವಿಯನ್ನು ಕೊಡುವುದು ಸರ್ಕಾರದ ಕೆಲಸವಲ್ಲ. ಸಾರ್ವಜನಿಕ ವಸ್ತುಗಳಾದ ರಕ್ಷಣೆ, ಕಾನೂನು ಸುವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆ, ಶುದ್ದ ಗಾಳಿಯಂತಹದ್ದನ್ನು ಕಲ್ಪಿಸುವುದು ಸರ್ಕಾರದ ಆದ್ಯತೆ. ಇನ್ನು ಕೆಲ ವಿಷಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಸರ್ಕಾರ ಕಾಮನ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್ ಅನ್ನು ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಗೂಡ್ಸ್ ಆಗಿ ಪರಿವರ್ತಿಸಬಹುದು. ಉದಾಹರಣೆಗೆ: ಕೆರೆಯಲ್ಲಿನ ಮೀನನ್ನು ಕಾಮನ್ ಗೂಡ್ ಅನ್ನಬಹುದು. ಯಾಕೆಂದರೆ ಅದನ್ನು ಬಳಸಲು ಯಾರಿಗೂ ಯಾವುದೇ ತಡೆಯಿಲ್ಲ ಆದರೆ ಒಬ್ಬರ ಬಳಕೆಯಿಂದ ಅದೇ ವಸ್ತು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಸಿಗದಿರಬಹುದು. ಆದರೆ ಯಾರೂ ಬೇಕಾದರೂ ಬಳಸಬಹುದು ಅಂತಾದಾಗ ಎಲ್ಲರೂ ತಮ್ಮ ಅನುಕೂಲವಷ್ಟೇ ನೋಡಿ ಬಳಸುತ್ತಾ ಹೋದರೆ ಕೆರೆಯಲ್ಲಿನ ಮೀನೆಲ್ಲ ಖಾಲಿಯಾಗಿ ಕೆರೆ ನಾಶವಾಗಬಹುದು. ಇದನ್ನು ಇಂಗ್ಲಿಷಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಟ್ರಾಜೆಡಿ ಆಫ್ ಕಾಮನ್ಸ್ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. (ಯಾರಿಗೂ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರಿಯಿಲ್ಲದ ವಸ್ತುವೊಂದು ಎಲ್ಲರ ದುರಾಶೆಗೆ ಸಿಲುಕಿ ನಶಿಸಿ ಹೋಗುವುದು). ಆಗ ಸರ್ಕಾರ ಆ ಕೆರೆಗೆ ಬೇಲಿ ಹಾಕಿ ಆದರೆ ಒಬ್ಬರ ಬಳಕೆಯಿಂದ ಅದೇ ವಸ್ತು ಇನ್ನೊಬ್ಬರಿಗೆ ಸಿಗದಿರಬಹುದು. ಆದರೆ ಯಾರೂ ಬೇಕಾದರೂ ಬಳಸಬಹುದು ಅಂತಾದಾಗ ಎಲ್ಲರೂ ತಮ್ಮ ಅನುಕೂಲವಷ್ಟೇ ನೋಡಿ ಬಳಸುತ್ತಾ ಹೋದರೆ ಕೆರೆಯಲ್ಲಿನ ಮೀನೆಲ್ಲ ಖಾಲಿಯಾಗಿ ಕೆರೆ ನಾಶವಾಗಬಹುದು. ಇದನ್ನು ಇಂಗ್ಲಿಷಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಟ್ರಾಜೆಡಿ ಆಫ್ ಕಾಮನ್ಸ್ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. (ಯಾರಿಗೂ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರಿಯಿಲ್ಲದ ವಸ್ತುವೊಂದು ಎಲ್ಲರ ದುರಾಶೆಗೆ ಸಿಲುಕಿ ನಶಿಸಿ ಹೋಗುವುದು). ಆಗ ಸರ್ಕಾರ ಆ ಕೆರೆಗೆ ಬೇಲಿ ಹಾಕಿ .

The B.CLIP Class x DressHead Women’s Wrapped Mini Dress in Ribbed Knit Fabric

Sometimes simple makes the most dramatic fashion statement. That is the case with this The B.CLIP Class x DressHead Women’s Wrapped Mini Dress in Ribbed Knit Fabric. Its simple design draws attention to the best parts of the female figure, and creates an outstanding, feminine look that you will love. The dress features long, close fitting sleeves, and was created into a sheath style garment. The scooped neckline features a chiffon insert that has a band of jeweled embellishments around the neckline. Hidden pockets appear on each side seam. The hemline of this dress ends just above the knee. It closes in back with a long, hidden zipper. This dress is made from a velvety soft synthetic fabric that has the same look and feel of silk, but that is much easier to maintain. The hemline ends just above the knees. This The B.CLIP Class x DressHead Women’s Wrapped Mini Dress in Ribbed Knit Fabric is available for purchase in the color black.